Berlin -The Capital
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states. First documented in the 13th century the city was situated at the crossing of two important historic trade routes.
OVer the centuries, Berlin became the capital of the Margraviate of Brandenburg (1417–1701), the Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918), the German Empire (1871–1918), the Weimar Republic (1919–1933) and the Third Reich (1933–1945).
Berlin in the 1920's was the third largest municipality in the world. After World War II and its subsequent occupation by allied forces, the city was divided; East Berlin was declared capital of East Germany, while West Berlin became a de facto West German exclave, surrounded by the Berlin Wall (1961–1989) and East German territory.
Following German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of the entire, reunified country.
Berlin is home to world-renowned universities, orchestras, museums, and entertainment venues, and is host to many sporting events. Its Zoological Garden is the most visited zoo in Europe. With the world's oldest large-scale movie studio complex, Berlin is an increasingly popular location for international film productions. The city is also well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts and, overall, a very high quality of living.